Schlagwort-Archive: France

Graffiti in South Africa

Von Behörden in Deutschland und Südafrika abgelehnt, aber bei Jugendlichen beliebt

(Autor/ Editor: Ghassan Abid)

Nichts ist in der Kunstszene so ähnlich stark umstritten, wie Graffiti. Die einen bewerten Graffiti als verunstaltende Schriftzüge im öffentlichen Raum, die anderen erkennen hierbei eine kreative Gestaltungsform. Ob es sich bei Graffiti um Vandalismus oder Kunst handelt, obliegt weiterhin dem jeweiligen Betrachter und kann nicht abschließend bewertet werden. Fest steht nur, dass Graffiti weltweit präsent ist, auch in Südafrika.

© SPLITPIECE I

„Falko Starr“ ist ein bekennender Graffiti-Künstler aus Kapstadt, mit freundschaftlichen Kontakten nach Deutschland. Schon 1988, also während der Rassentrennungspolitik im Südafrika der Apartheid, entdeckte er seine Vorliebe für Graffiti. Man begann in den 80er Jahren Graffiti-Motive aufs Papier zu übertragen. „Es existierte keine Graffiti-Szene“, betont Falko die Anfänge dieser Bewegung. Man wusste während der Apartheid nur sehr wenig über Hip Hop bzw. Graffiti, weil Südafrika von der Außenwelt abgeschnitten war und kulturelle Einflüsse aus dem Ausland nicht ins Landesinnere vordrangen.

Graffiti im heutigen Südafrika erfreut sich jedoch vor allem bei Jugendlichen einer großen Beliebtheit, welche mit großem Interesse diesbezügliche Trends in Europa mitverfolgen und teilweise übernehmen. Immer mehr Graffiti-Künstler versuchen sogar afrikanische Elemente in ihren Gestaltungen einzubauen, um dem „South African graffiti“ eines Tages eine eigene Identität verschaffen zu können. Ähnlich wie in Deutschland, so Falko, beginnt man als Graffiti-Liebhaber mit einem „Bombing“, dem schnellen und großangelegten illegalen Besprühen auf Zügen, Wänden oder anderen öffentlichen Objekten.

© SPLITPIECE II

Interessant ist der Umstand, dass Graffiti in Kapstadt und Johannesburg zunehmend für kommerzielle Zwecke genutzt wird. Ferner erfährt die Szene in Kapstadt ihre schnellste Entwicklung, während in Durban, einer Küstenstadt im Osten des Landes, diese noch relativ klein und am Wachsen ist. Im Rahmen der Vorbereitungen zur WM 2010 sind allerdings alle besprühten Flächen in Durban nun übermalt worden, sodass diese Bewegung im östlichen Südafrika wohl länger unbedeutend bleiben wird.

Der Graffiti-Künstler beklagt sich aber über das Anti-Graffiti-Gesetz in Kapstadt, wonach ein Sprühen im öffentlichen Raum nur mit einer Genehmigung durch die Stadtverwaltung zulässig ist. Sollte man diese Regelung nicht beachten, kann dieses harte Konsequenzen mit sich ziehen. Er selber habe von einer 45 jährigen Frau erfahren, welche zum „Saubermachen“ von Wänden und einer Strafe von über 7.000 US-Dollar verdonnert wurde. Will heißen – die Behörden haben massive Probleme mit unerlaubten Graffiti, ähnlich wie in Deutschland.

Gegenwärtig tritt Falko mit einem eigenen Graffiti-Konzept auf, namens SPLITPIECE, welches dem Portal „SÜDAFRIKA – Land der Kontraste“ exklusiv hier vorgestellt wird.

Verschiedene Graffiti werden wie Puzzleteile zusammengesetzt. Have fun, be cool! (;


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Exclusive Interview with graffiti artist Falko Starr

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: We would like to welcome Falko Starr, graffiti artist from Cape Town, thank you very much! Which reasons has allowed you to participate in graffiti scene?

Answer: I started in, 1988, an era when its was still apartheid. The scene was non-existant. There were a few guys who did graffiti but it was making pieces only on paper. Pieces on walls where done very few and far between.

I got into the scene, 1989, by meeting KING JAMO ( zulu nation king of south africa) who said that they needed graffiti artists to help with this `new` movement called the Universal Zulu Nation (a organization started in New York). I was very new to HipHop back then and found it was perfect for me to get into graffiti and the whole culture.

We did not really know about the `real writing culture` because of our political system. Information from the outside world was very little and we had almost no outside influences that came to our country to show/teach/eduate us about hip hop from the rest of the world.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: What is making South African graffiti so special?

Answer: At the moment graffiti here is pretty much the same as around the world. The kids here basically follow whatever trends are happening in Europe. There are some, very few, artists who are trying to use african elements in their art but styles/pieces are more common.

© Graffiti Künstler/ artist Falko Starr

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Many graffiti artists in Germany are spraying their pictures and logos on not allowed areas and objects, like trains or house walls. How it is in South Africa?

Answer: Graffiti scenes are the same anywhere in the world. There are different mentalities and a huge variety of philosophies about what is good, bad, right, wrong, commercial, sell out and hardcore.

Here, in certain cities there is more bombing than legal work but in Cape Town it is balanced. Bombing is an important part of the culture and I think most, not all, writers do it in the beginning of their graff lives.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Which status is the graffiti scene taking in South Africa and in which cities are which trends available?

Answer: Here in South Africa, it is generally welcomed by most people.

Cape Town And Johannesburg are the two cities where its used a lot for commercial needs.

Cape Town`s bombing scene is never the same from year to year. There are times when there are hundreds painting to times when there are only a hand full.

Durban is considered the smallest of scenes and cities in S.Africa. Bombing used to be really big in this city but with the soccer world cup they have cleaned everything.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Is the government supporting the graffiti scene, for example by offering spraying spaces?

Answer: In Cape town, and here only, a graffiti by-law was introduced. The law basically makes all graffiti illegal unless you get council permission first. Recently, the only wall of fame was raided and closed. The graffiti scene was told that they can only paint the area once they have requested for permission. This was a legal area for almost ten years.

At the raid, a local resident was arrested for protesting the raid. She is a 45 year old woman. They want to make an `example` out of her and want to prosecute her for cleaning the whole wall of fame. Estimated cost is about $7000(US).

So to answer you question: NO!

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Where and on what do you have already sprayed?

Answer: Over the years, graffiti has created the opportunity for Falko to tour Sweden, Germany, France, Switzerland, Kenya and Greece. Highlights include; participating in the 50th Anniversary of the United Nations, creating murals for the build-up to the Olympics 2004 in Greece, and establishing a line of communication between artists in Kenya, England and South Africa through his “Lines of Attitude” project.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Which of your graffiti is for which reason the best one?

Answer: At the moment I`m busy with a graffiti concept called SPLITPIECE. This is the best work I`ve done by far. Not only for work but for the concept. I am the only one doing it in the world.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Are you in contact to German graffiti artists and what are you knowing about the graffiti scene in Germany?

Answer: My first magazine I ever gio, and still have, was a TUFF STUFF in 1992, in this magazine I saw a few writers that a bit ( lol) but it was one one first inspirations. Spraycan art also made me like lotsa writers from around the world but the fisrt writer I ever met was a German called Seemso in 1991. We have become good friends since then and he was the first writer to do a whole car here in South Africa. He also helped with development of the bombing scene. In 1998 Loomit, Esher and Can2 came down to SA. Within two weeks they destroyed and decorated equally. With saying this we became aquaitances.

Other writers/painters I`ve either stayed with or painted with is Seak, Daim, Kent and quite a few others that have come here to paint.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Which dreams would you like to realized?

Answer: Would like to do my splitpieces worlwide!!!

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Falko Starr, graffiti artist from Cape Town, thank you very much!

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2010sdafrika-Artikel auf Schueler.CC (Newspoint.CC) veröffentlicht:

http://www.newspoint.cc/artikel/Lifestyle/Graffiti_in_Suedafrika_66072.html

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Interview: Film director Teboho Edkins

German-South African film director about his work and Southern Africa

(Editor: Ghassan Abid)

Teboho Edkins, born in 1980 in the United States of America, grown up in Lesotho, Germany, South Africa as well as France, is film director and following the career of his renowned father Don Edkins, one of the most famous film producers of South Africa.

In Cape Town he studied Arts and he enhanced his course of studies with post graduations in France and Germany.  Teboho Edkins documentaries are characterized by sociolcritical bias, for which he has taken several awards. In addition, he took part  at umpteen film festivals, such as FID Marseille, Festival panafricain du cinéma et de la télévision de Ouagadougou (FESPACO), International Filmfestival Innsbruck, Vision du Reel Nyon, Tampere Short Film Festival or Berlinale.  Teboho Edkins is explaining to our South Africa web portal his job-related visions and documentaries on South Africa.

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2010sdafrika-editorial staff: We welcome on „SÜDAFRIKA – Land der Kontraste“, the German gateway to South Africa, the in Berlin living filmmaker Teboho Edkins. You concentrate in your work on documentaries with sociocritical messages on South African issues. In „Ask me I’m positive“, „True Love“, or „Looking Good“ you focused your productions on HIV. What are the reasons to debate this pandemic?

Anwer: The HIV pandemic, especially in Lesotho at the time when I made my first film, Ask me I’m positive, was a monster that could simply not be ignored, it was all prevalent but at the same time invisible –not understood. Just image- Lesotho in 2004 was a county where almost 30% of the population was infected with HIV, but only a handful of people were public about their status and three of these were the protagonists in the film. There was (and still is to an extent is) such confusion and prejudice about the disease that it was the only topic I felt I could make a film about.

What helped make the film possible was that it was part of a really exciting revolutionary series of 35 films titled, STEPS for the future, on HIV by Southern African filmmakers that had been launched in 2000.

In my other film True Love, I don’t really deal with the HIV pandemic as such, but it so happens that the character in Lesotho is HIV, so its not about him being HIV positive but rather about a person that happens to be HIV positive experiencing love and sex. (That he is HIV positive is the status quo, I am trying to show how beyond having the virus one lives a normal life- and I think this is really important to understand especially in the context of Southern Africa where so many people are infected).

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: In „Gangster Project 1, you are taking a new topic with regard to crime in South Africa. Are you changing your view on other social challenges?

Answer: Well I am not really a political activist, so I make films on topics that I find relevant and interesting, and that I want to explore filmically. After the HIV films for instance I made Gangster Project 1, a sort of deconstruction of a Gangster Rap video with real gangsters and then I also made Kinshasa 2.0  a short film about democracy and the internet using second life, a virtual world …

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Your new movie will be handling with crime in South Africa, too. What’s the exactly title of your newest production, when it will be come out in Germany and what it is about?

Answer: The working title of my latest film is Gangster Project . (its sort of picks up on the idea of Gangster Project 1). Briefly it is a feature length half-fiction half documentary Gangster film shot in Cape Town, South Africa.. The basic story is a young white person wanting to make a perfect gangster film, without really knowing what gangsters are, he meets various gangsters, finally casts what he believes are the perfect gangsters for his film, hangs out with them and pretty soon finds their life uninspiring and boring, the violence they commit petty and dirty so he starts to instigate acts of violence himself (all in the spirit of making his gangster film), and so paradoxically grows closer to them and understands them as people with real fears, too frightened to leave their house…

© Teboho Edkins (third one from left) with actors of his movie "Gangster Project"

We are still in the postproduction phase of this film, so it will only be properly finished, that at is colour graded, mixed etc end of November. We will then initially launch it onto the film festival circuit, including festivals in Germany and then perhaps a television station might buy it or it might show in a small cinema here and there for a short time…. its early days yet.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: How do you would like to describe the current crime situation in South Africa?

Answer: I am not an expert on crime in South Africa but the statistics all say its one of the most violent countries in the world, has one of the highest murder rates, rape rates etc.

I do understands though that the crime is very uneven (South Africa is famous as the land of contrasts no? ) meaning that you are much, much more likely to be killed or raped if you are poor and live in a township, so the crime has to be understood geo politically, within the political apartheid context of South Africa. Which is why in my film the white boy leaves his relatively safe neighbourhood to go where the violence is and is consumed by it…

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Which experience has you already done with German partners in respect of film distribution. Your documentaries are targeting explicit South African problems, so the question arises if your arts getting a good feedback by German cinemas, broadcastings and spectators?

Answer: That is an interesting question. I studied at a post grad art institution in France and did a post grad film school in Berlin so even if I made films in Southern Africa I often did it through European Institutions and funding and I would like to think that if the film is good as a film, then the location is not as important as the way one goes about making the film and the filmmaking process make it interesting beyond its location.

So in fact my films have had most of their successes and distribution at European films festivals like Oberhausen Short film festival, Visions Du Reel, Leipzig, Berlinale, Marseille etc as well as European television stations like ARTE, YLE, TV2..

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Will it be imaginable to produce one day movies from genre entertainment/ science fiction, such as your South African colleague Neill Blomkamp with District 9? These movies are very successful according to turnover, but their are losing in many cases the real message to the public. Do you agree with this opinion?

Answer: Its often true that the larger a budget a film has, the more it is controlled by the producers or the studios and leaves the director less and less control. And I don’t’ think I would ever want to make a film over which I don’t have control, even (or especially) if it’s a Slasher Zombie set in a nature reserve..

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Which are your next cinematic ideas and will you shoot a film with your father Don Edkins, who is counting to one of the most famous film producers from South Africa?

Answer: In fact I am currently working on my next idea, (which is partly why I am in South Africa as I write this), but would rather keep quite about if for the moment, its still very half baked. And yes working with my father Don Edkins, – he produced my first two documentary films, was really rewarding (even if it made my mother a bit irritated that is all we would talk about, and bring the stress to the dinner table) and I would love to work make more films with him.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Teboho Edkins, thank you very much for your time to this interview!

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This interview has been translated in German. For this one please click on following link:https://2010sdafrika.wordpress.com/2010/08/06/filmregisseur-teboho-edkins-im-interview/

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Teboho Edkins at „Berlinale Talent Campus“:

http://www.berlinale-talentcampus.de/campus/talent/teboho-edkins/profile

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2010sdafrika-Artikel published on artsouthafrica.com:

http://www.artsouthafrica.com/?news=203