Schlagwort-Archive: Spain

Insight into Orania

1000 inhabitants, 10000 fellows and 70 businesses making Afrikaner homogeneity possible

(Autor/ Editor: Ghassan Abid)

Deutsche Interview-Zusammenfassung:

Exklusiv konnte „SÜDAFRIKA – Land der Kontraste“ einen Einblick in Orania erhalten und mit dem Vorsitzenden der Orania-Bewegung ein Interview führen.  Bei Orania handelt es sich um eine nach außen abgeschottene Burengemeinschaft, die auf ihre eigene soziopolitische Souveränität beharrt. Bislang ist es nur Spiegel Online und NZZ Online gelungen, diesbezügliche Hintergrundinfos zu bekommen. Orania ist jener Ort, welcher als letzte Bastion der Apartheid bezeichnet wird und 1990 als privatrechtliches Unternehmen gegründet wurde. Einem Ort, in welchem keine schwarzen und farbigen Bürger wohnen dürfen, sondern nur weiße Afrikaner – die Buren. Einer Zuflucht für und von „Rassisten“, die über eine eigene Ora-Währung verfügt. Hingegen duldet die südafrikanische Regierung die Orania-Gemeinschaft und zeigte darüber hinaus bereits mehrfach die Gesprächsbereitschaft. Jacob Zuma und Julius Malema statteten dieser Gemeinschaft einen Besuch ab, welche sich selber auf das Selbstbestimmungsrecht nach Artikel 235 der südafrikanischen Verfassung beruft. „Die Erhaltung der Afrikaner-Kultur“ und die Aufrechterhaltung einer kulturellen Mehrheit werden als oberste Ziele verfolgt, so der Vorsitzende von Orania, Jaco Kleynhans. 1.000 Afrikaner und 10.000 Oraniërs [Sympathisanten] bekennen sich zum eigenen homogenen Gesellschaftsmodell im heterogenen Staatsmodell Südafrikas. Rund 70 Geschäfte bestehen in Orania, so Kleynhans. Auf die Frage hin, ob Orania nicht gegen Artikel 1 der Verfassung verstoße, wonach nicht nach rassischen (non-racial) Kriterien diffenziert werden darf, erwidert er, dass Orania vielmehr eine Gemeinschaft mit kultureller Identität sei. Orania hat nach eigenen Aussagen nur Kleinkriminalität und keine Arbeitslosigkeit. Jedoch betont Jaco Kleynhans, dass zunehmend mehr Afrikaner dorthin ziehen möchten und die Gemeinschaft dementsprechend an ihre Grenze stößt. Verbindungen zur Rassistenpartei ´Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB)´ von Eugène Terre’Blanche bestehen laut Kleynhans nicht. Die Anwendung von Gewalt, so der Interviewte, verstoße gegen die die Prinzipien von Orania. Hinsichtlich der Informationen, wonach verschiedene Parteien Südafrikas in Orania Wahlkampf betreiben, betont Kleynhans, dass in der Gemeinschaft solche Vereinigungen nicht zugelassen sind und vielmehr nach dem Verhältniswahlrecht gewählt wird. Denn Orania verfügt auch über eine eigene Volksvertretung; einem Quasi-Parlament. Zur abschließenden Frage, was der Vorsitzende vom deutschen Multikulti-Modell halte, lässt er diese im Grunde genommen unbeantwortet bzw. beruft sich erneut auf das Selbstbestimmungsrecht und diesmal im Kontext mit der deutschen Minderheit im italienischen Südtirol. Die Veröffentlichung dieses Beitrages fällt bewusst auf den heutigen ´Internationalen Tag gegen Rassismus´ und soll verdeutlichen, dass weiterhin enormer Handlungsbedarf bei der Bekämpfung von Vorurteilen besteht – vor allem in Südafrika.

© Orania-Flagge - Selbstbestimmungsrecht in Form eigener Symbolik und unter der Duldung der südafrikanischen Regierung

© Jaco Kleynhans, CEO of the Orania Movement

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: We would like to welcome on „SÜDAFRIKA – Land der Kontraste“, the German Gateway to South Africa, Mr. Jaco Kleynhans, CEO of the Orania Movement.  The Orania Movement has been established in 1990. You are holding an enterprise character within South Africa. What does it mean, that Orania is an „Afrikaans cultural movement with the aim to restore Afrikaner freedom in an independant, democratic Republic“?

Answer: The Orania Movement believes that the future of Afrikaners in ‘n multi-cultural South African wil depend on our own efforts to preserve our culture in a part of South Africa where we can be the majority. The North West Cape is an area with a very small population and therefore we want Afrikaners to move here in larger numbers so that we can be the majority in the region and therefore control things like education, local government, etc.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: How many Afrikaner and shops/ firms are placed in Orania? Is your community getting foreign investments? And what is about taxes?

Answer: Taxes in Orania is the same than in the rest of South Africa. There’s about 1000 people living in Orania with thousands more ‘uitwoners’ (people who call themselves ‘Oraniërs’ but who don’t live in Orania yet. There’s about 70 businesses registered in Orania and economic development is a strong focus.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Are blacks or coloured allowed to live in Orania and if not, isn´t transgressing the article one of the South Africa constitution: „The Republic of South Africa is one, sovereign, democratic state founded on the following values: … Non-racialism and non-sexism…“ ?

Answer: Orania doesn’t focus on race, but only on culture. We’re a took for Afrikaners – thus people adhering to Afrikanerculture.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: How far is poverty, unemployment and crime facing Orania?

Answer: We don’t have much crime, only minor crimes from time to time. There is nearly no unemployment in Orania. There is an increase in poor Afrikaners moving to Orania and we are trying to find sustainable solutions for Afrikaner poverty. We do have a large worker class in Orania and people may sometimes view them as ‘poor’ as most Afrikaners still cant understand the need for a strong Afrikaner working class.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: In German Media, the Orania Movement has been described as the last colony of racists in South Africa after Apartheid. Does relations existing between Orania and the by Eugène Terre’Blanche founded Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB)?

Answer: Orania has no relationship with the AWB and we strongly differ in strategy from them. We don’t believe in the use of violence and strongly condemn the violent actions by right wing Afrikaner organisations in the past.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: The South African government is toleranting your movement. Orania has been visited by coloureds and blacks; in 2009 by ANCYL president Julius Malema and in 2010 by president Jacob Zuma. What do you think about the reasons, that your project hasn´t been prohibited yet?

Answer: What we’re doing in Orania is in line with the South African government and specifically article 235 which give cultural communities the right too selfdetermination.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: In 2004, Orania introduced its own currency, which called Ora. Which meaning has local money in a globalized world? And is the South African Rands accepted in Orania?

Answer: The Rand is accepted in Orania. The Ora is used to improve local trade and is an internationally recognised model of localization.

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2010sdafrika-editorial staff: The Orania Representative Council is acting like a parliament. Is it right, that the Democratic Alliance (DA) and Congress of the People (COPE) competed in the election of 2009? Is it allowed to the ANC to participate in Orania elections?

Answer: Our local election isn’t based on political parties so no political party can take part in Orania elections. We vote for individuals. In the South African municipality around us any party can take part in that election and we also host an polling place in Orania.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: What do you think about multicultural societes like Germany?

Answer: We simply believe in the right of all cultural groups to practice their own culture, language, religion and traditions in a fair way. We also strongly believe in selfdeterminination and therefore support the efforts by the Flemish people in Belgium , the German speaking people in South Tyrol (Italy), the Catalions in Spain and the French speaking people in Quebec (Canada) as they strive for greater selfdetermination.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Jaco Kleynhans, CEO of the Orania Movement, thank you very much for this insight interview!

Gareth Cliff about „kleptomania“ in government

TV star about his disapointment in South African politics

(Autor/ Editor: Martin Hiebsch)

Deutsche Interview-Zusammenfassung:

Gareth Cliff ist in gewisser Weise das südafrikanische Gegenstück von Dieter Bohlen. Er ist im TV-Business aktiv, sitzt als Juror bei der Fernsehshow „Idols“ (= DSDS) und äußert sich gerne provokativ und ziemlich hart. Einen Unterschied gibt es jedoch – Gareth Cliff kritisiert auch die Politik des Landes, die ANC-Elite um Präsident Jacob Zuma. Die Eigenbereicherungen, die fehlende Motivation der Politiker die Probleme Südafrikas wie HIV/ AIDS, Korruption, Arbeitslosigkeit, Kriminalität oder Armut anzugehen, sind ihm ein gewaltiger Dorn im Auge, sodass er einen offenen Brief an die Regierung verfasst hat. „SÜDAFRIKA – Land der Kontraste“ konnte mit Gareth Cliff dessen Brief sowie seine Wahrnehmung von Deutschland erörtern.

© Gareth Cliff, Entertainer

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Hello Gareth Cliff and welcome on „SÜDAFRIKA – Land der Kontraste“! Your “letter to the government” kicked off a wave of reactions and was read thousands of times. While you were quite popular in South Africa before, but now you have become famous in many other countries too. Did you expect this result?

Answer: No, I simply put into writing what I am sure many South Africans feel. The government needed to be told some cold, hard truths.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: In your letter you talk about very well-known problems in your country such as the bad education policy, corruption, unemployment and poverty. Like many others, you criticize the government for doing more for themselves than for the people. Why do you think the reputation of the current government is so bad? And why do people have the feeling that their elected representatives can not solve the problems of South Africa?

Answer: There seems to be a bout of kleptomania going on in government, and I blame the ANC’s policy of deployment – where the party deploys loyal cadres to powerful and important positions without consideration to the job that needs doing, the qualifications of the person being deployed, or the urgency of the task. Too many of those people then occupy the position with a sense of entitlement and pillage the office of any value.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Do you think that another government could solve problems like unemployment or the HIV-epidemic? In your opinion, what has to change within the South African society to approach those problems?

Answer: I think most governments try to address societal problems, even ones that are not of their doing. I’m not interested in ANOTHER government. This is the one we have got, and we deserve more from them. Having said that, civil society isn’t playing enough of a role. South Africans are apathetic and expect government to solve all their problems for them. We need to meet them halfway.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: People express their resentment in strikes and protests. Do you think that the situation could escalate sometime in future? If not, what is your picture of the country in, lets say, 10 years?

Answer: Yes, I imagine that if these problems are not urgently addressed, people will become violent, rebellious and ungovernable. New leaders will emerge and threaten national stability and the government of the day. All the more reason to take these issues very seriously indeed.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Lets leave South Africa and get on to the topic of Germany. Name three things, you think of, when you hear the word Germany!

Answer: Friedrich der Große; Wagner, beer.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: As a South African, you are probably not a soccer fan. Soccer is huge in Germany! Did you follow the performance of the German Team during the World Cup 2010?

Answer: I’m a huge soccer fan. I have been watching the World Cup since 1990 and have not missed a single game. I think Germany were fantastic and most unlucky to lose to Spain when they did.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: The audience of your breakfast show is growing fast and you are getting more and more popular. Are people recognizing you on the street and do you like to get recognized?

Answer: Ha ha ha. Yes, but having been on TV for ten years means I’m not shocked or surprised anymore.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: You got famous through a radio program. Do you want to stay at your broadcaster 5FM or could you imagine switching to a TV channel?

Answer: Well I think one can do both.

2010sdafrika-editorial staff: Gareth Cliff, entertainer and presenter, thank you very much for this interview!


Website of Gareth Cliff:

http://www.garethcliff.com/